Balkan Monitor

Published On: April 14, 2024Categories:

Client: European Research Infrastructure Consortium” (SHARE-ERIC) – Max Planck Institute


The “Balkan Monitor” a quantitative opinion research initiative by Kapa Research, has been ongoing since 1993. Over the years, it has conducted five waves of surveys, gathering insights from a diverse sample of over 30,000 individuals. This research delves into the perspectives of citizens across the region, capturing their views on political, economic, and social dynamics. It explores their concerns, aspirations, and perceptions of neighboring countries, as well as their attitudes towards major global players, multinational organizations, and key figures in international affairs. By comparing data across different nations and historical periods, the Balkan Monitor provides a comprehensive overview of Southeastern Europe, shedding light on the significant transformations that have unfolded in the region over the past decades. 

Key Findings From the Latest Wave

  • Economic hardship due to Covid-19 is the primary concern in Balkan countries, with unemployment, poverty, and high prices being the major issues. Education is also highlighted, symbolizing a lack of prospects and mobility. Fear of Covid-19 is pronounced, especially in Albania, Kosovo, North Macedonia, and Turkey.
  • Greeks and Cypriots are more optimistic about their economies, while Turks are pessimistic due to uncertainty post-Erdogan. Greece and Cyprus seek relaxed fiscal policies, contrasting with the rest of the Balkans aiming for fiscal discipline.
  • Traditional alliances remain unchanged, defined by religion, ethnicity, or perceived threats. However, the sentiment of “friendship among peoples” has declined, reflecting diminishing European vision and prevailing poverty.
  • Alliances with major powers are crucial, with the US and Germany being ideal partners. Russia and China’s attempts at friendship have met with little response, while Germany inspires admiration in most Balkan countries.
  • The EU’s dominance in the Balkans is questioned due to pandemic mismanagement, with new alliances forming in the West and Europe returning to Realpolitik.

Read the Full Report here